Vertigo, dizziness, and balance problems can be life altering. For many people, these issues can affect their ability to do even the simplest daily tasks. If you are experiencing vertigo or balance issues, your doctor may want to refer you for diagnosis and treatment.
What Is BPPV?
BPPV is also known as Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. It occurs when oticonia, small calcium deposits in the inner ear, become dislodged and enter chambers of the inner ear where they should not be. This affects the density of the fluids in the inner ear and can cause vertigo.
What Tests Will Be Performed?
The most common test used to diagnose BPPV is called the Dix-Hallpike maneuver. This test determines whether or not the patient is suffering from BPPV. Positive Dix-Hallpike maneuvers are typically confirmed by the presence of nystagmus (repetitive and uncontrolled eye movement).
What Comes Next?
If the test for BPPV is positive, we will offer treatment solutions in our office. If negative, you may be referred for further diagnostic testing, which would most likely include a VNG to look for other vestibular issues.
What Can Be Done?
BPPV can be treated without medication. The most common treatment is the Canalith Repositioning Procedure. Most often, we will perform the maneuver for you initially and then teach you how to do it at home as well. We may also offer vestibular rehabilitation.